Concept, Research, Editing

Raluca Buțincu Betea

Beate Wild

Research Croatia

Milorad Kapetanović

Research Serbia

Vesna Bižić-Omčikus, Dragan Đorđević


Beate Wild

Exhibition and Graphic Design

Xaver Victor Schneider

Layout and Graphic Design

Stefan Bönisch

Translation, Copy editing

Raluca Buțincu Betea

Daniela Duca

Claudiu Florian

Milorad Kapetanović

Anne Popiel

Ljiljana Šotra

Theodora Țepeneag

Beate Wild

Exhibition Construction and Printing

bg5, hruby, stahlform


Petruț Călinescu

Bojan Mrđenović

Ivana Masniković-Antić

Gavrilo Masniković


Remus Gabriel Anghel

Matei Bejenaru

Eli Bădică

Laura Căpățână Juller

Pietro Cingolani

Ionuț Dulămiță

Anamaria Iuga

Milorad Kapetanović

Andra Jacob Larionescu

Daniela Moisa

Muzeul Țării Oașului (Oaș Country Museum), Negrești-Oaș / Romania

Diana Necoară

Private archives CB, LB, BW, FSEAP

Students’ Research Project Salvează Satul Bucovinean (Save Bukovina Village) headed by Carmen Chasovschi, University Ștefan cel Mare, Suceava / Romania

Cristina Toderaș

Amelia Tue

Ciprian Vațe


Wolfgang Davis


Carsten Klein, Thomas van de Vijver, Sonja Vistala

For countless photographs and information on house construction and migration, we gratefully thank the above contributors as well as Ioana Călinescu, Lavinia Frățilă and Dumitru Sandu who generously provided us additional helpful information.


A joint project run by the Romanian Cultural Institute Berlin and the Koordinierung Ostmittel – und Südosteuropa am Museum Europäischer Kulturen – Staatliche Museen zu Berlin.



The Staatlichen Museen zu Berlin – Preußischer Kulturbesitz are actively working to ensure that the content of these internet pages is correct and up-to-date. Nevertheless, small mistakes or irregularities cannot be completely avoided. The National Museums in Berlin do not take responsibility for the currentness, correctness, completeness or quality of the information provided.

The Staatlichen Museen zu Berlin – Preußischer Kulturbesitz are not liable for material or immaterial damages caused by using or not using the information provided, or caused directly or indirectly by using faulty or incomplete information, in so far as they cannot be proved to be at fault for having acted wilfully or with gross negligence. The same applies to software available for free downloads.

All offers are not binding and subject to alteration without notice. The Staatlichen Museen zu Berlin – Preußischer Kulturbesitz explicitly reserve the right to alter, supplement or delete parts or the whole of the website’s content, or to temporarily or completely discontinue publication without further notice. The liability for “external content” – offered for instance through direct or indirect links to other web providers and pages – presupposes a positive knowledge of any illegal or criminal content. Features of “external content” are marked in suitable fashion. The Staatlichen Museen zu Berlin – Preußischer Kulturbesitz have no influence whatsoever on “external content” and do not endorse any of this content. The Staatlichen Museen zu Berlin – Preußischer Kulturbesitz possess no positive knowledge about illegal or illicit content on pages of other providers which can be reached through links on their website. However, if these linked pages do contain illegal or illicit content, the Staatlichen Museen zu Berlin – Preußischer Kulturbesitz explicitly disassociate themselves from this content.

The Staatlichen Museen zu Berlin – Preußischer Kulturbesitz make all efforts to respect in all publications the copyright of images, audio features, video sequences and texts, to use their own images, audio features, video sequences and text, or to use images, audio features, video sequences and texts from the public domain. All trade marks mentioned on this website and (where applicable) protected by third parties are without restrictions subject to the regulations of the appropriate trade mark registration law and the property rights of the individual registered owner. The mere mention of a trade mark must not lead to the conclusion that it is not protected by the rights of third parties!

The copyright for published objects developed by the Staatlichen Museen zu Berlin – Preußischer Kulturbesitz themselves remains only with the Staatlichen Museen zu Berlin – Preußischer Kulturbesitz. The duplication or appropriation of such images, audio features, video sequences and texts in other electronic or printed publications is prohibited unless explicit permission has been granted.
Legal Effect of this Disclaimer

This disclaimer is integral part of the website on which you found the link to this page. If any part or the whole of this text does not, no longer or not completely comply with the effective legal position, the other parts of the document remain unaffected in their content and their validity. Legal Advice on Copyright the layout of the homepage, the images used and all other content are protected by copyright.

Online privacy statement

Every time a user accesses a page of the Staatlichen Museen zu Berlin – Preußischer Kulturbesitz website and every time a file is requested, data about this occurrence is temporarily saved and processed in a log file. Here is a list of the data that is saved each time someone accesses our site or requests files from it:- IP address/DNS name,- date and time of request,- page requested/name of requested file,- volume of data transmitted,- operating system used,- browser used,- success status – whether request was successful. This data is assessed for statistical purposes only so that we can improve our range of online services. The information is not used for any other purpose and is not disclosed or passed on to a third party.

When visiting individual pages, session cookies are used temporarily to make it easier to navigate around the site. These cookies expire when the session is closed and do not contain personal data. Programs such as Java Applets or ActiveX controls, which make it possible to track access information on the user, are not used.


Data Protection on this Website

The Centre for East-Central and Southeastern Europe has been a part of the Museum of European Cultures – National Museums in Berlin.

The Staatliche Museen zu Berlin – Preussischer Kulturbesitz places great importance on handling your personal data in a responsible manner. To this end, the following information will outline:

• why the Staatliche Museen zu Berlin collects and stores data
• what rights users of this website have
• how the Staatliche Museen zu Berlin collects data and which data it retains
• which kinds of cookies are used on the website of the Staatliche Museen zu Berlin
• how you can object to or avoid the collection of your personal data
• who is responsible for this website and its data privacy policies

1. Why does the Staatliche Museen zu Berlin collect data and utilize user analysis software?

As a general rule, we collect and use personal data related to our users only to the extent that this is necessary for us to ensure the functionality of the website and to deliver our content and services. For example, it is necessary for our system to temporarily save a user’s IP address in order to facilitate a stable and secure delivery of the website to the computer of the user. To this end, it is necessary to save the anonymized IP address of the user for the duration of 7 days. This data is erased as soon as it is no longer necessary
The Staatliche Museen zu Berlin carry out analysis of the ways users interact with this website. This provides us with information to improve our online presence. This includes, for example, knowing how often particular aspects on a website are clicked on, or which browsers are used to view the site. The data that is saved for this is anonymized or pseudo- anonymized, and is used by the Staatliche Museen zu Berlin exclusively for the purposes of statistical analysis. The data is not used for any other purpose, nor is it passed on to third parties.

2. What rights do users have on our website?

In relation to personal data and our website, you have the following rights, as defined by the EU’s General Data Protection Regulation:

• the right of access (art. 15 GDPR),
• the right of notification and erasure (art. 16&17 GDPR),
• the right to restriction of processing (art. 18 GDPR),
• the right to object against processing (art. 21 GDPR),
• the right to data portability (art. 20)

Additionally, you have the right to make a complaint to a data privacy regulating body about the way we have processed your personal data (art. 77 GDPR). For the Staatliche Museen zu Berlin, the Federal Commissioner for Data Protection and Freedom of Information (BfDI) is the relevant body.

3. What data is collected?

a) Website functionality and creation of log files
With every visit to our website, our system automatically collects data and information from the computer system of the computer producing the traffic. The processing of this personal information is regulated by art. 6 para. 1f of the GDPR. The following data is collected:

• IP addresses
• Log files
• Inventory data, traffic data and content data of the website
• Error protocols

Log files allow website operators to monitor activities on their websites. The access logs of the web server keep a record of when each particular page was visited. This includes the following data: IP address, directory protection users, date, time, pages visited, protocols, status codes, data size, referrer, user agent, host name used.
Our website is stored on a server belonging to the company Strato AG. Strato AG saves data for the following periods of time:

• The IP addresses are saved in anonymized form. For this, the final three digits are removed, that is, becomes 127.0.0.*. IPv6 addresses are likewise made anonymous. These anonymized IP addresses are saved for 7 days. Information about the directory protection user will be made anonymous after one day.
• Error logs that monitor failed site visits are deleted after seven days. Along with the error notice, these include the IP address accessing the site and, depending on the kind of error, the website being accessed.
• Visits via FTPs are anonymized and saved for 7 days.

b) Which cookies does this website use?
Cookies are small text files which are saved on your computer when you visit a website and are accessed by the browser you use. Cookies allow information to be exchanged between computer programmes or to be saved for a limited time. Specific information is transmitted to our site from the saved cookies. However they are unable to operate a programme or transfer viruses to your computer.

Cookies can only be saved if you have authorized this in your browser settings. Therefore, as a user, you also have full control over the use of cookies. By changing your settings in your internet browser, you can deactivate or limit the transmission of cookies. Cookies that have already been saved can be deleted at any time. This can be done automatically.
With every visit to a website, and every time you access a file online, it is typical for browsers to transmit data. The processing of personal data is regulated by art. 6, para. 1f of the GDPR. Of the data that is transmitted when you visit this website, the Staatliche Museen zu Berlin save the following information:

• Browser type/version
• Operating system
• Referrer URL
• Date and time of the server inquiry
• Page(s) visited and file(s) accessed
• Amount of data transmitted
• Anonymized/pseudo-anonymized IP address
• Country of origin
• Notification of whether the attempt at access was successful.

The website of the Staatliche Museen zu Berlin uses cookies very sparingly. This means that you can generally also view the website without cookies.

• Part of the cookies we use (so-called transient cookies) guarantee that the website functions seamlessly. The validity of these cookies is limited to the individual web session. As soon as you shut down your browser, these so-called “session cookies” are deleted.

c) Which data is saved in the event of digital inquiries by email or using a contact form?
For mail inquiries or contact via an online form, you are required to enter specific information so that the Centre for East-Central and Southeastern Europe can contact you or send you the documents you have requested. The processing of your personal data is regulated by art. 6 para. 1a of the GDPR.

d) Images and videos of individuals on the website
The General Data Protection Regulation (GDPR) has strengthened the rights of affected individuals. It is possible that there are older images or videos on our website that show people who did not give their consent to be photographed or recorded. If this affects you, then you have “the right to withdraw [your] consent at any time”.

e) Presence on online channels and incorporation of services and content from third parties
Online channels of the Staatliche Museen zu Berlin
We are active on social media and platforms with our own profiles, in order to communicate with visitors, interested individuals and users, and to inform them about our services.
You can find details about how user data is managed in Facebook’s data privacy policy, at:, Opt-Out: und, Privacy Shield:
It is currently unclear whether or not Facebook complies with the level of protection required by the European Union in relation to personal data. In light of this, the use of Facebook poses a risk in terms of data privacy.
Details about how user data is managed on YouTube are available in their data policy, at:, Opt-Out:, Privacy Shield:

For embedding and displaying video content, our website uses plugins from YouTube. The provider of this video portal is YouTube, LLC, 901 Cherry Ave., San Bruno, CA 94066, USA.
When visiting a page with a YouTube plugin integrated into it, a connection to the YouTube servers is produced. Through this, YouTube receives information about which of our pages you have visited.
If you are logged into your YouTube account, YouTube can directly connect your internet activity with your personal profile. By logging out in advance, you are able to prevent this from occurring.
We use YouTube in the interests of delivering a dynamic presentation of our online content. This is considered a justified interest as outlined by art. 6 para. 1f of the GDPR.
Details about how user data is managed on YouTube are available in their data policy at:
Incorporation of other services and external content
This website incorporates external content, an example being audio recordings from VoiceRepublic, or ePaper from Yumpu. This requires the providers of this content (hereafter referred to as “third party providers”) to process the IP addresses of users, since without the IP address, they could not send the content to the browser of the user. We make an effort to only use content for which the provider uses IP addresses of users exclusively for content provision. However we have no power to prevent third party providers from using the IP addresses for statistical purposes, for example. If we know that such practices are occurring, we make users aware of it.

4. Who is responsible for content and maintenance, and who looks after data protection?

For this website, the Staatliche Museen zu Berlin – Preussischer Kulturbesitz, legally represented by Prof Dr Hermann Parzinger, President of the Stiftung Preussischer Kulturbesitz, is responsible for data protection.

Staatliche Museen zu Berlin – Preussischer Kulturbesitz
General Directorate
Stauffenbergstraße 41
10785 Berlin

Telephone: +49 (0)30 2660
Email: kommunikation[at]

For questions relating to data protection, the Stiftung Preussischer Kulturbesitz has a Data Protection Officer whom you can contact at our aforementioned postal address, addressed to the “Datenschutzbeauftragte”. Alternatively, you can contact them at:

Email: Datenschutzbeauftragte[at] 
Website of the Stiftung Preussischer Kulturbesitz:

5. Changes to the Data Protection Policy

The Staatliche Museen zu Berlin reserves the right to adapt this policy to meet technological developments and changes to legal frameworks. The date of the most recent version of this data protection policy can be found at the end of this notice.

Date: June 2018